I just finished reading this book by Carol S. Dweck, Ph. D. and I was absolutely blown away.
She describe 2 kinds of mindset:
The “fixed” mindset is where individuals assume they are limited by their god given talent and hard work will do nothing to increase their abilities. As a result, their refrain from taking risks because they don’t want to fail. Because failure would imply they’re just good enough. They may even go so far as to blame others for their mistakes.
On the hand, the “growth” mindset assumes you can always be better. Furthermore, failure is welcomed because it makes you better. The growth mindset encourages you to challenge yourself and go for anything you desire.
People do not necessarily fall into 1 of the 2 categories. For example, some people may have a fixed mindset when it comes to how their raise their kids. And at the same time they can have a growth mindset on how they perform their job.
By understanding your own mindset as well as others you can form better relationships with friends/family/children/co-workers/etc.
Finally, if you suffer from the fixed mindset, this book can show you how to shift to the growth mindset.